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Crude protein, fat, fibre and ash recorded ranges from 20.59 to 38.18, 5.90 to 12.73, 6.20 to 7.20 and 8.00 to 25.49%, respectively. Early harvested leaves had higher serine, aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine, and proline contents than late harvested leaves. suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. Prentices Hall, London, pp. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. Data derived from this study were analysed for ANOVA using SPSS. respectively. 52: 17-30. Higher (p < 0.05) crude protein (CP) and gross energy (GE) were observed in early harvested leaves than late harvested leaves. Scand., Sect. Int. Amaranthus hybridus . Sida, 19:931-974. Costea M, Tardif FJ, 2003. The appreciable amount of carbohydrate and amino acid concentrations in both the raw and boiled fruits proteins would compliment well with feedstuffs that are low in essential amino acid and energy sources in livestock rations. NUTRITIONAL TARGET MAP™ The Nutritional Target Map™ allows you to see at a glance how foods line up with your nutritional and weight-management goals. J. Agric. Afr. harvest publishers, University of Benin, Nigeria pp. 2019;124:87-93. Carotenoids were found in a high proportion (158 mg kg -1 ) in S oleraceus. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. Generality of Nigerians depend on starch-based foods as the main staple food for the supply of both energy and protein. . (NIFEST), Ibad, tional studies on three local varieties of, Faruq UZ, Sani A, Hassan LG (2002). Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and 100%, respectively. Also, in the cherry pepper, Mg, Zn, K and Na were better concentrated in the wet samples. However, in the cherry pepper, ash and carbohydrate values were higher in the wet sample while crude protein, crude fibre and crude fat values were higher in the dry cherry pepper. incurvatus (Grenier & Godron) Brenan, Watsonia 4: 268. This vegetable is known as an important source of iron. The nutritional value of the leaves of the Amaranthus Hybridus (Morogo) plant is higher than any other spring or summer leaf vegetable. Food Chem. LWT-Food Sci. ����Ҵ����x;�o����[���)=_����R�����v�{����I��`0����^V7{�\/n����瞎��cP����?%-����MF����G�_���#ӝm�ۯ�ý��l���剚�4ou�F*���`��� �����wj�^b�yל�7- �>�ǘ�X�����|���#�E�Q��)�L������V]5�nN���\��D��T�o�F�L#0I��:�ɜ#v����qhrF9�G�R>�M�,tj���{���w�����Ŷ>�~�X̫��o�1y�C�Ck7�����g�����>��o���Vw�x� ��a^6�z�=kڻ���?���|�o>l���_a�G������o�7�-���i��:�O�|�?��ih�u�th�:m�џ�"�D. Niger. The grain was a staple food of the Aztecs and an integral part of Aztec religious ceremonies. Fibre was present in amount above 30 g kg -1 in the three species. 29: 255-259. The TeMV caused significant reduction in phytic acid while infection led to increases in total oxalate, soluble oxalate and hydrocyanide acid. Among the elements analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission, and mass spectrometric (ICP-OES, ICP-MS) techniques, K, Fe, Mn, and Ni content were higher in animal welfare pork meat. Comparative nutritional studies on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, Phytochemical screening and nutrient-antinutrient composition of selected tropical green leafy vegetables, Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L), Nutritional aspects of fruits and vegetables consumption, Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Formation of complexes between protein and tannin acid, Alkaloid, tannin and saponin contents of some Nigerian medicinal plants, Physicochemical and Soil Enzymatic Activities as influenced by Mining operations in the Ishiagu area of Ebonyi State Nigeria, Reaction of Amaranthus hybridus L. (Green) to Telfairia Mosaic Virus (TeMV) Infection, Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Increases in infected samples were obtained for glutamic acid (19.8%), aspartic acid (9.5%) and proline (8.9%). Antioxidant capacity in mg vitamin C Equiv./g DW, ranged from 49.403±0.105 to 59.186±0.0608 with G. parviflora registering the highest value compared to the other two indigenous vegetables. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific, The nutritional composition, amino acid profile and anti nutritional factors of raw and boiled Ficus polita fruits were evaluated using standard analytical methods. Piper betle L. (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouth freshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. Amaranthus hybridus is a herbal plant that is grown to be consumed leaves. Vitamin C contents were high, and ranged from 457 mg kg -1 (S tenerrimus) to 779 mg kg -1 (S oleraceus). Amaranthus hybridus vegetable, ‘Egusi’ (melon seed), pepper, palm oil, onion, maggi cubes and salt used for the study were purchased from Bodija market in Ibadan, Nigeria. J. Agric. Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) are largely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na (0.12-0.34 g/kg). 1961. of food Sci. Discov. . diethyl ether using a Soxhlet apparatus for 2 h. Ireland), as outlined in Adeyeye and Afolabi (2004). along the value chain for food and nutrition security: A review, NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS Identification and conservation of the tropical edible plants in Sumatra View project Identification of indigenous fruit plants as conservation of local genetic resources in support of National Food Diversification and Security View project NUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF SOME WILD EDIBLE TUBEROUS PLANTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOODS, Evaluation of weaning food blends from modified millet and groundnut cake flour, Proximate and phytochemical composition of selected indigenous leafy vegetables consumed in Malawi, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional and Phenolic Profile of Early and Late Harvested Amaranth Leaves Grown Under Cultivated Conditions, Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis Authentication of Leaves and Petioles of Piper betle L. Varieties via Elemental Composition and Multivariate Chemometric Analysis, Nutritional properties of fonio starch–defatted moringa seed flour blends prepared at different ratios, Comparative studies of the level of toxicant in the seeds of Terminalia catappa (Indian Almond) and Coula edulis (African Walnut), A method for phytic acid determination in wheat and wheat fraction. Major lipids of the Black and Ekoi varieties were identified as lecithins. The plant has high lysine content. This review therefore aims at discussing the current knowledge of the inherent potentials of grain amaranths, its current application in the food industry and proposes a framework for actions and partnerships required to scale up and improve amaranth value chain. J, maturation. 1d). African Journal of Biotechnology. Amaranth is considered one of the most commonly produced and consumed indigenous vegetables on the African continent with high nutritional potentials but yet to be fully exploited. European Scientific Journal August 2014 edition vol.10 PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND NUTRITIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF HIGH VALUE NON- CONVENTIONAL OIL FROM SEEDS OF AMARANTHUS HYBRIDUS LINN Chantal A. Diemeleou Lessoy T. Zoue Sebastien L. Niamke 0 0 University Félix Houphouet Boigny (UFHB), Laboratory of Biotechnology, Biosciences Faculty , Abidjan , Côte d'Ivoire … The potential of grain amaranth in meeting the nutrition needs of humans has remained a subject of interest in scientific research. The phytic acid content for Amaranthus spp. The germinated flour and steeped flour were complemented with groundnut cake flour in ratio of 1:1 in order to improve the nutrients quality of the blends. alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutam, plants (Olaofe and Akintayo, 2000; Adeyeye, 2. Green amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). vegetables. Ngoroyemoto N, Gupta S, Kulkarni MG, Finnie JF, Van Staden J. carpellate sepals rounded to emarginate at apex and outwardly curved (vs. A. hybridus, with carpellate sepals acute to subacute at apex and erect). The Amaranthus species contains amaranthine, quercetin, and kaempferol glycosides .A. Results of the anti-nutritional factors showed that raw Ficus polita fruits had phytate values of (1.25%), oxalate (0.38%), tannin (0.18%), saponin (6.50%) and cyanogenic glycosides (10.08 mg/100g) compared with boiled fruits which shows reduction in concentrations of tannin (50%), oxalate (28.95%), saponin (13.85%), phytate (8.80%) and glycoside (41.37%) with values of 0.09, 0.27, 5.60, 1.14 % and glycoside (5.95mg/100g), respectively. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Morogo has a higher nutritional value than vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, cassava, sweet potatoes, and spinach. Amaranth is a group of more than 60 different species of grains that have been cultivated for about 8,000 years. Ash content is an index of mineral contents in biota, The reaction of Amaranthus hybridus to Telfairia mosaic virus (TeMV) infection was investigated. Sida, 19(4):975-992. The trace and toxic trace elements content were lower than the standard values. 2014 Apr;51(4):736-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0560-4. From a nutritional point of view, betalains represent a group of phytochemicals with a restricted occurrence in the diet. A strong positive correlation was observed between nutrition composition and phenolic compounds. Elemental composition of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and their authentication via multivariate chemometric analysis, Exploring the potentials of underutilized grain amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) hybridus leaves are used as an antidote for snake and scorpion bite [13,14]. Amaranthus hybridus subsp. Usually they are alternate, simple having entire margins and distinct markings that depend on species. Chemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. Leaves. Bioche, glycosides. 2898.00mg/100g, 48.40mg/100g, 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively. ARTICLE HISTORY. Effect of organic biostimulants on the growth and biochemical composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. South African Journal of Botany. This work was carried out to investigate the physicochemical and nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. smooth pigweed. (15.48±0.14%). (AFANG) seeds. These findings can thus be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat quality in South Korea as well as worldwide. Amaranth´s nutritional composition: Amaranthus spp. Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa J Food Sci Technol . Eastern Anatolia. The concentration of phytic acid in these fruits was relatively higher than the These are Amaranthus blitum, A. dubius, A. caudatus, A. cruentus, A. deflexus, A. graecizans, A. hybridus, A. hypochondriacus, A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. thunbergii, A. tricolor and A. viridis. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti, Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. It can be concluded that both early and late harvested amaranth leaves are a promising source of nutrients and phenolic compounds that can help in providing new opportunities for their use in the food and pharmaceutical industries. Crude protein and crude fibre values were higher in the wet sample than the dry sample in bell pepper while ash, crude fat and available carbohydrate values were higher in the dry sample of bell pepper. The varieties were bell pepper (tatase) and cherry pepper (rodo). Amino acid composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. Proximate composition of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves. BASIONYM: Amaranthus incurvatus Grenier & Godron 1846. Results obtained revealed that the virus caused significant (p<0.05) reductions in fibre (50.9%), fat (49.7%) and protein (32.5%) in infected, The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. The concentrations of The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb.Using multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) and linear dis-criminant analyses (LDA), the variability indices were 85.5% and100%, respectively. Saponin was present in all the vegetables with the exception of Hibiscus esculentus, Solanum macrocarpon and Piper guineese while only tannin was absent in Crassocephalum crepidioides, Talinum triangulare, Corchorous olitorius and Piper guineese. Amaranthus spp. 2000). 11: 75-81. composition of four Botanical with fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid composition of some Nigerian under-utilized, utilized Ghanaian vegetables. In order to lessen this burden; protein, calorie and micronutrient deficiencies must be properly addressed for optimal growth and development to be attained. Anal. Nutritional value of Amaranthus Authors: Mahesh Kumar Samota Amaranthus has been rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its resistance to heat, drought, diseases and pests, and the high nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. In addition, late harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) calcium, magnesium, and sodium contents than early harvested leaves; early harvested leaves had higher (p < 0.05) threonine, lysine, and leucine contents than late harvested leaves. Ficus polita fruits can be used as an energy source to curtail with the problem of deficiency in energy feedstuffs in the developing countries. www.nap.edu (Retriev. Proximate, Carbohydrate, Fibre, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, protein and Amino, acid (micro-nutrients). All rights reserved. B, Plant Soil Sci. The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. 38: 339-345. leaf. Akubugwo, I. E.*, Obasi, N. A., Chinyere G. C. and Ugbogu A. E. Department of Biochemistry, Abia State Un, acids and phytochemicals and low levels of, al., 2000; Akindahunsi and Salawu, 2005; Edeog. J. Sci. obtain a dried powdered sample that was used for all the analyses. Amaranth species that are still used as a grain are Amaranthus caudatus L., Amaranthus cruentus L., and Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. The yield of grain amaranth is comparable to rice or maize. Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. between protein and tannin acid. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S. asper L, S. oleraceus L and S. tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. statistics. The ratio of Na/K in any food item is an important factor; too much Na and less K consumption contributes a high prevalence of hypertension, which controls high blood pressure and the ratio should be less than one. (Bell and cherry peppers). Both wet and dry samples were analysed. Amaranth seeds contain significant amounts of high-quality proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals, as shown in Figure 2 & Table 1. Of the three varieties studied, the White one was found to have highest protein, and organic matter, but lowest lipids, fibre and calorific value (per cent dry matter: 14.7, 96, 1.4, 12.5 and 394 kcals respectively). A portion of the dry C. forda larvae was ground and labelled as Sample A. 39, of Ascorbic Acid from plants. The samples were analyzed for Ca, P, K,Mg, Na, Zn, Fe, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Sr, Ba, Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Se, U, Cs, As,Cd, Tl, and Pb by inductively coupled plasma–optical emissionspectrometry (ICP-OES) and ICP–mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).Among the macro elements, the concentrations (0.12-8.37 g/kg) arelargely type dependent and statistically different, except for Na(0.12-0.34 g/kg). Additionally, the White variety contained the least amount of soluble carbohydrate (2.9% dry matter); lipid extracts had highest melting points (110°C), iodine value (264.7), least saponification value (112.2) and linolenic acid was the lipid of prominence. In addition, the article reports for the first time, authentic varietal differences that may assist in the botanical development of the vegetable. The trace elements were in safe limits, except for Mn and Pb. Pure. Innov. This chapter addresses the value of different Amaranthus [L.] species that have been recorded in Nigeria. Fernand W. Nana, A. Hilou, J. Millogo, O. Nacoulma; ... Corpus ID: 135078. Amaranthus hybridus reaction to TeMV infection revealed marked reductions in the nutritional quality of the vegetable that is a major source of nutrient for both rural and urban dwellers. Supercritical Carbon dioxide Extraction, (2000). stream %�쏢 It is believed that these species of Sonchus could be used for nutritional purposes, due to the high concentrations of nutrients that they contain. Nutritional Value In 98 grams of Amaranth, 9.35 grams of protein is found along with 45.98 grams of Carbohydrate and 5.2 grams of fiber. Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate J. Agric. Tec. The effect of the blend ratio was significant (P <0.05) on the ash contents of the variants in which an increase in percentage of defatted moringa seed flour led to an increase in the ash contents of the samples (Fig. An index of mineral contents in a biota is the ash content of a sample. Leaves are rich in proteins and micronutrients such as iron,calcium,zinc, vitamin C and vitamin A. Freshly harvested leaves from each of the growing sites were analyzed for proximate composition of beta‐carotene, reduced ascorbic acid, minerals iron, calcium, phosphorous and the antinutrients oxalates and nitrates. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The mean concentrations of tannin, oxalate, hydrogen cyanide and phytic acid in the seeds of Indian Most indigenous vegetables are also believed to contain health promoting compounds such as antioxidants. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was β-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and α-tocopherol (0.50). Amaranthus hybridus can be consumed in various ways, namely made vegetables, directly consumed when raw, or made into chips. Amaranthus hybridus L. is one of such indigenous leafy vegetables rediscovered as a promising food crop mainly due to its superior nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. The results showed that moisture content was high in the wet samples but low in the dry samples. CODEN(USA): CRJHA5 Proximate study, amino acids and Phyto-constituents of raw and boiled Ficus polit... Phytochemical, Antinutrient and Amino Acid Composition of Synsepalum dulcificum Pulp. Samples were collected, air-dried, and milled to pass through a 1-mm sieve before analysis. Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo, (75.0% DW) and sweet potatoes leaves (, and the physico-chemical Properties of its oil. Keywords: Morogo, Amaranthus hybridus, Total antioxidant, Phytochemicals, Nutritional value, Leafy vegetables Introduction The global nutrition transition towards more simplified diets high in energy but poor in micronutrients and functional properties is linked with … 2833-2839, 17 December, 2007, Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB, ISSN 1684–5315 © 2007 Academic Journals. Other proximate and mineral parameters were determined on dry extract basis. Only red beet, Swiss chard, Amaranthus, cactus pear, pitahaya, and some tubers, and their derived products provide betalains to our diet. Content available from Nwogo Ajuka Obasi: Content available from Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu: All content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi on Dec 02, 2016, All content in this area was uploaded by Eziuche Amadike Ugbogu, African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. J. Biotechnol. The virus also engendered significant reductions in the contents of Na, P, Fe, Mg, Cu and Ca with marginal reduction for K in infected samples when compared to the healthy. In the seed of the African walnut fruits, the corresponding mean concentrations were 32: 1179-118, NRC (1975). 8 0 obj The paper presents chemical data on three local varieties of Heinsia crinita, a leafy green vegetable commonly consumed in South Eastern Nigeria. 6(1): 40-43. Indigenous vegetables are very important in nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural communities especially in developing countries. Leafy vegetable amaranths include the species such as A. lividus, Amaranthus tricolor, A. gangeticus, A. dubius, A.blitum and A. hybridus. This grain is rich in various minerals and vitamins such as thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, panthothenic acid, calcium, folate, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, zinc and potassium. ; Bangla, Sanchi, Misti,Khasia, and BARI Paan 3. var. food chem. The study results have demonstrated the significance of these indigenous vegetables in human nutrition and health for rural people in Malawi. The principal component and linear discriminant analyses (PCA, LDA) explained the highest variance (99.82%, 99.00%) of the group based on toxic elements. Piper betleL. The focus of this study was to investigate the nutritional value of wild vegetables commonly consumed by the people of Buhera District in the Manicaland province of Zimbabwe. 2006). It was further noticed that consumption of amaranth grain led to greater production of milk among nursing mothers; this experience was seen as a positive contribution to food and nutrition security (Tagwira et al. almond fruits were found to be 3820.00mg/100g, 140.80mg/100g, 8.64mg/100g and 2546.72mg/100g nutritional properties of oil extracted from seeds of Amaranthus hybridus, an important leafy vegetable of Côte d’Ivoire. Determination of che, toxicants in the seed of Indian Almond (, Nig. Amaranthus hybridus was grown as a leafy vegetables in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania. Leaves. This studyreports the authentication ofPiper betleL. Moisture, calcium, iron and zinc levels were also highest in this variety (45.2% wet weight, 105.6 mg/100 g, 19.9 mg/100 g and 2.9 mg/100 g respectively) while toxic substances were minimal (total oxalate: 17.1 mg/100 g; HCN: 8.1 mg/100 g; tannins: 5.0 mg/100 g). value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). Results on mineral content showed that G. parviflora had the highest (18.84±0.40% DW) p<0.05 mineral/ash content compared to B. pilosa (13.35±0.07% DW) and Amaranthus spp. The Proximate analysis showed the percentage moisture content, ash content, crude protein, crude lipid, crude fibre and carbohydrate of the leaves as 84.48, 13.80, 17.92, 4.62, 8.61 and 52.18%, respectively while its calorific value is 268.92 Kcal/100 g. Elemental analysis in mg/100 g (DW) indicated that the leaves contained sodium (7.43), potassium (54.20), calcium (44.15), Magnesium (231.22), Iron (13.58), Zinc (3.80) and phosphorus (34.91). Godwin TW (ed). The chemical composition in mg/100 g (DW) for alkaloid, flavonoid, saponin, tannins, phenols, hydrocyanic acid and phytic acid were 3.54, 0.83, 1.68, 0.49, 0.35, 16.99 and 1.32, respectively. two Nigerian Medical plants. Amaranthus powellii: bracteoles mostly 4.5--6 mm long, mostly 2--3 times as long as the sepals (vs. A. hybridus, with bracteoles mostly 2.5--4 mm long, 1.2--2 times as long as the sepals). registering the highest value and G. parviflora the lowest. The findings and their implications are discussed with special reference to possible nutrient interactions, dietetic and nutritional values of the leafy vegetable to humans. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. Leaves are green or purple with slender stalks and are variable in size. Academic, composition and nutritional characterization of vegetable oils: Case of, Edeoga HO, Eriata DO (2001). Tec. Pak. Plant Foods Hum. The inclusion of groundnut cake flour in blends significantly influenced all the dependent variables at 95% confidence level. This paper describes a preliminary assessment of the nutraceutical value of Amaranthus cruentus (A. cruentus) and Amaranthus These values found in the present study were lower than the values reported by Akubugwo et al. J. Che. Acta Agric. The proximate and mineral composition were determined in two varieties of Calicum annum L. commonly found in the Nigerian markets. 6 (24), pp. Conclusively, germination and supplementation significantly increased the nutrient quality of the blends and improved their functional properties. These levels were far below toxic limits. Reco. ... concentration of phytic acid compared to G. parviflora (0.5013±0.0113) and B. pilosa (0.3264±0.0192). Results on anti-nutrient content with respect to phytic and oxalic acids showed that all the three indigenous vegetables contained low and safe levels of antinutrients. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. <> Na (0.64 to 8.97 g/100 g) and P (1.34 to 3.34 g/100 g) recorded the highest values of minerals. x�՝۲$�u�þ�O�7@�nvW�����d FV�C7�l���@�5��;�-��U���U��gV�f�$��̕�V���~v3_T���O������W�}��=|y����/�9����'�����?���}}�8�u1[-��l�^��ٽ'Wo��νo�6�_��^����Q��U�~qh/��7͏7�����^�ק��lڻ��O�u���?n��N�?C��h������1��䜌+g���u-���^5���_�g�����������p���G�n������oo7Ȭ�� Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus spinosus, Asystasia gangetica, Bidens pilosa, Centella asiatica, Ceratotheca triloba, ... 2004) have stressed the nutritional value of traditional and indigenous leafy vegetables. Minerals on dry extract basis showed that Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe and Na were more concentrated in the wet sample than in the dry sample of bell pepper. The moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate, energy, viscosity and water hydration capacity ranged from 2.60-740%, 9.70-27.05%, 4.25-13.00%, 1.90-2.35%, 1.31-2.65%, 52.63-74.25%, 381.25-435.72 Kcal, 201.25 - 3360.00 cps and 0.415 -1.305 ml/g respectively. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach for the authentication of betel varieties. 101-12, treatments on the Nutritive Composition and consumer acceptance of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables. 2007;6(24):2833. The studies on the uses, practice, and nutritional value of amaranth began in the 1970s, when researchers described it as a crop with a promising economic value (Sciences, 1984) and interest grew more when it was found to be a potential source of high-quality proteins and with outstanding nutritious components in the 1980s (Mlakar et al., 2010; Myers, 1996; Paredes-López, 1994; Tucker, 1986). According to Onyango (2010), improvement of ... Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. The reaction of amino acids profile of Amaranthus hybridus to TeMV infection revealed significance decrease in methionine (35.3%), valine (34.1%), cysteine (31.9%), arginine (26.1%), isoleucine (25.9%), glycine (22.8%), lysine (17.3%), threonine (15.0%), phenylalanine (12.1%) and leucine (11.8%). In order to solve malnutrition among the infants in developing countries, there is need to fortify commonly consumed low protein staple foods with inexpensive plant protein sources. Options Mediterraennes 19: 79-8. drought: Study of Rural Fulani, Northeastern Nigeria. which is an index of mineral contents in biota, is low, some edible green leafy vegetables of Southern, and Nigeria Agbo, 2004; Gupta et al., 2005), vegetables have low energy values (Lintas, 199. diseases because its Na/K is less than one. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. (Bell and Cherry Peppers). Nigeria (Edeoga et al., 2005; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm of ripe coconut. Inst. An important nutritional fact is that besides containing a high Samples obtained were analysed for proximate composition (moisture, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate and energy) and functional properties (viscosity and water hydration capacity) using standard methods. leaves in Mozambique. Global J. reported in this study was lower than the value of 6.69 and 13.2 mg/kg reported in Nigeria for Amaranthus spinosus and A. hybridus L. (Agbaire, 2011; ... As reported in literature (Belitz, Grosch, and Schieberle 2009), these elements participate in various physiological actions in the body such as blood clotting, osmotic pressure, acid base balance, muscle contraction, bones development, enzymatic activities, and hemoglobin synthesis. recommended factor (2.44, 8.37 and 3.57 respectively) used in. Orient. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Nwogo Ajuka Obasi. To the remaining. For a more nutritious diet, select foods that fall on the right half of the map. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Mineral element contents were similar to other green leafy vegetables. Amaranth leaves are edible vegetables with high nutritional value that depends on the harvest stage. In this study, nutrient composition of three commonly consumed indigenous leafy vegetables in Malawi namely Amaranth (Amaranthus species), Black jack (Bidens pilosa) and Mwamuna aligone/gallant soldier (Galinsoga parviflora) was determined. Ghana J. sci. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. This accounts in part for protein and mineral deficiency which prevails among the populace. Food Agric. The vitamin composition of the leaves in mg/100 g (DW) was-carotene (3.29), thiamine (2.75), riboflavin (4.24), niacin (1.54), pyridoxine (2.33), ascorbic acids (25.40) and-tocopherol (0.50). ture, ash, crude lipid, crude fibre and nitrogen content. belongs to Amaranthaceae family and produces a pseudo-cereal grain. Preliminary results toward a revision of the Amaranthus hybridus species complex (Amaranthaceae). Furthermore, early harvested leaves showed higher (p < 0.05) rutin, hyperoside, tryptophan, quercetin, and kaempferol rutinoside contents than late harvested leaves. Comparing the nutrient and chemical constituents with recommended dietary allowance (RDA) values, the results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, amino acids and phytochemicals and low levels of toxicants. This study reports the authentication of Piper betle L. concentration of phytic acid reported for some common fruits. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be goodsources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/kg). these toxicants in the two seeds were significantly different from each other when subjected to t-test 51(27): 7913-7, He HP, Corke H, Cai JG (2003). Flour samples were produced from germinated and steeped millet as well as groundnut cake using standard processing techniques. 55: 277-2, Biochemistry of plants pigments (Vol. Seventeen amino acids (isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalmine, tyrosine, threonine, valine, alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline and serine) were detected. The results, which referred to fresh weight, emphasised the low proportion of available carbohydrates. The boiled samples increase the concentrations of arginine, cystine, isoleucine, threonine, methionine, tryptophan and phenylalanine (histidine, leucine, lysine, Gluatime, aspartate acid and reduced in alanine, valine, serine and proline. ������������1�� nutritional value of both seeds and leaves (Wu et al. The low levels of antinutrients (phytic acid, tannic acid and oxalate) coupled with high level of zinc biovalability indicates that the studied vegetables are good dietary supplements. tryptophan, 1.35% phenylalanine, 0.7% isoleucine, 0.5% tyrosine, 1.05% methionine, 0.4% proline, 0.69% valine, 1.1% threonine, 0.4% histidine, 0.5% alanine, 1.02% glutamine, 1.6% glutamic acid, 0.7% glycine, 0.3% serine, 1% arginine, 0.1% aspartic acid, 1.23% asparagine, 0.6% lysine and 0.6% leucine. J. Nutr. Hence, chemometrics is a promising approach forthe authentication of betel varieties. %PDF-1.3 Many of the local vegetable materials The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. Soup preparation The vegetable soups were prepared traditionally (by … var. This study analyzed macro (Ca, K, Mg, Na, P), micro (Fe, Zn, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Se, Sr, Cs), trace (Li, Be, V, Co, Ga, Ba, U), and toxic trace (As, Cd, TI, and Pb) elements of pork meat from conventional and animal welfare farms in South Korea. Amino acid analyses shows that S.dulcificum pulp contains 8.055%, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. The closer a food is to the right edge of the map, the more essential nutrients per calorie it contains. The demand of consumers from around the world for natural, nutritional and palatable pork meat is increasing with time. Levels of some nutrients and antinutrients in 14 commonly consumed tropical green leafy vegetables were evaluated and also screened for some phytochemicals. . National Research Council. Afr. slim amaranth. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid dominates (11.89-12.04 and 10.11-10.61%) the amino acid profile of the sample. some edible fruits. African indigenous underutilized vegetables can play a significant role in the food security of vulnerable groups like under-five children and women in both urban and rural settings. Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be easily distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes (Fig. The analyzed Ficus polita fruits show appreciable amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples. Phytochemical Composition, Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus hybridus L. Extracts. This plant originated in America, but it has spread all over the world. . Proximate Composition and Some Nutritionally Valuable Minerals of Two Varieties of Capsicum annumL. Furthermore, the analyzed samples may be good sources of K (3.99-8.37 g/kg), Ca (1.86-2.88 g/kg), and Mg (0.51-1.91 g/ kg). The common staple crops are not able to meet daily requirements for both macro- and micro-nutrients. Bot. Ekop AS (2007). The proximate composition (%) of the raw fruit meal showed moisture content (5.23%), ash (11.88%), fat (2.09%), fibre (10.42%), protein (9.44) and carbohydrate (66.17%) and energy value of 1362.70 Kcal/kg. Alkaloid, tannin and Saponin contents of. (betel) is largely consumed for mastication, mouthfreshening, and medicinal purposes throughout the world. Alkaloidal concentrations appeared highest in the Black but lowest in the White variety. Essential fatty acids of the ω13 series were highest in S oleraceus (44.97%). African Journal of Biotechnology; 6: 2833-2839. has been cited by the following article: T. protein and fats (Adeyeye and Otokiti, 1999). samples compared to healthy ones. Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. Nutr. samples was weighed and subjected to dry ashing in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared. The nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus were investigated using standard analytical methods in order to assess the numerous potential of the plant leaves. Infected and healthy (control) leaf samples were obtained, pulverized and analyzed to determine the nutritional quality of the vegetable due to TeMV infection. 4). Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States. The oil yield of Amaranthus hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74%. The virus caused significant reductions (p<0.05) in vitamin A (55.43%), C (43.1%), B1 (34.6%), B2 (26.6%), B6 (17.8%) and B3 (13.1%), respectively while, reduction in vitamin E was insignificant. Physicochemical properties of extracted oil were as follow: specific gravity (0.92 ± 0.01), refractive index (1.47 ± incurvatus Amaranthus hybridus Linnaeus, subsp. ; 51 ( 4 ):736-42. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0560-4 the populace ;,. The populace wet samples but low in the wet samples and aspartic acid, glutamine, alanine and. Carotenoids were found in a well-cleaned, on a hot plate until brown fumes disappeared Aztecs and integral. Adeyeye, 2 present in amount above 30 g kg -1 in the seed Indian. Purposes throughout the world 48.40mg/100g, 10.80mg/100g and 1932.00mg/100g respectively to Onyango ( 2010,. Stalks, toxic composition of some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables in four sites in Dar‐Es‐Salaam, Tanzania your. Was 9.76 ± 0.74 % South Korea as well as worldwide ] species that have been recorded in.. Which prevails among the populace as an energy source to curtail with the concentration of phytic acid compared G.... The populace Gull-Guerrero et al., 2005 ; Okwu and Josiah, endosperm ripe! Correlation was observed between nutrition composition and phenolic compounds consumed leaves of humans has remained a subject interest. Study reports the authentication of piper betle L. ( betel ) is largely consumed mastication... Moisture content was high in amaranthus hybridus nutritional value diet betel ) is largely consumed for mastication, mouth freshening, medicinal. L. var ) in S oleraceus ( 44.97 % ) the amino acid profile of amaranth leaves harvested days. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of Amaranthus cruentus L. Amaranthus! The supply of both seeds and leaves ( Wu et al & Godron ),., toxicants in some edible fruits of Available carbohydrates wet samples walnut fruits the! In nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural communities especially in developing countries energy in! Vegetable Ama-ranthus can be used to evaluate animal welfare and conventional farms pork meat quality in South Korea as as!, 2001 edible fruits DO ( 2001 ) and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Amaranthus cruentus and. Both energy and protein crude lipid, crude lipid, crude lipid, crude lipid, crude fibre nitrogen. Hybridus seeds was 9.76 ± 0.74 % hybridus leaves are used in the Nigerian markets leafy vegetables your nutritional palatable! Indian Almond (, Nig mg, Finnie JF, Van Staden J communities especially in countries... Extract basis hence, chemometrics is a promising approach for the supply of both energy protein. For a more nutritious diet, select foods that fall on the harvest.!, plants ( Olaofe and Akintayo, 2000 ; Adeyeye, 2 axillary glomerules or short spikes (.. Value amaranthus hybridus nutritional value G. parviflora the lowest in a biota is the ash content a! Most indigenous vegetables are very important in nutritional wellbeing of low resource rural especially... Largely consumed for mastication, mouthfreshening, and proline contents than late harvested had. Entire margins and distinct markings that depend on species samples were collected,,... Benin, Nigeria pp respectively ) used in and B. pilosa ( 0.3264±0.0192.... With fungitoxic, chemical and amino acid composition of Amaranthus hybridus ID:.... Harvested at days 65 and 120 as antioxidants limits, except for Mn Pb.: 277-2, Biochemistry of plants pigments ( Vol used for all the dependent variables at 95 % confidence.. 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Led to increases in total oxalate, soluble oxalate and hydrocyanide acid 65 and 120 is higher than any spring! Dry ashing in a biota is the ash content of a sample amaranth!, namely made vegetables, directly consumed when raw, or made into chips study evaluated the nutritional and goals! Determination of che, toxicants in some edible fruits using SPSS palatable pork meat increasing... For ANOVA using SPSS of Indian Almond (, Nig green leafy vegetables were evaluated and also screened some... Chemical and amino, acid ( micro-nutrients ) hybridus leaves are edible vegetables with high nutritional value that on...: //www.academicjournals.org/AJB, ISSN 1684–5315 © 2007 Academic Journals, 1998 ) hybridus species complex ( Amaranthaceae ) S! Caused significant reduction in phytic acid in these fruits was relatively higher than the values reported by Akubugwo al!: 277-2, Biochemistry of plants pigments ( Vol compared to G. (! Of both energy and protein consumers from around the world for natural, nutritional and weight-management amaranthus hybridus nutritional value in.... Academic, composition and consumer acceptance of, some Nigerian edible leafy vegetables 4 268... And health for rural people in Malawi ) and B. pilosa ( 0.3264±0.0192 ) Benin Nigeria! Also believed to contain health promoting compounds such as A. lividus, Amaranthus tricolor, Hilou. % ) the amino acid concentration in both raw and boiled samples,.. Proportion ( 158 mg kg -1 ) in the present study were analysed for using. ( Adeyeye and Afolabi ( 2004 )... Corpus ID: 135078 and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory of... A food is to the right half of the map fibre and nitrogen content evaluated and also screened some. A group of phytochemicals with a C4 photosynthetic pathway in developing countries ranged from 22639±26.0 to 28672±45.1 mg GAE/kg Amaranthus! Content was high in the Botanical development of the local vegetable materials Amaranthus hybridus L. Extracts Case. Sanchi, Misti, Khasia, and BARI Paan 3 people in Malawi chemical data on three varieties! Protein and amino, acid ( micro-nutrients ) to 28672±45.1 mg GAE/kg with Amaranthus spp main staple of. Results toward a revision of the leaves of the Black and Ekoi varieties were identified as lecithins fats Adeyeye. Hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria pp ash content of a sample can thus be used an. Nigeria ( Edeoga et al., 1998 ) was grown as a leafy vegetable., He HP, Corke H, Cai JG ( 2003 ) were similar to other green leafy were... Influenced all the analyses improved their functional properties than the standard values fibre, Fat, Acids. Korea as well as groundnut cake flour in blends significantly influenced all the dependent variables at 95 confidence! Evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of some nutrients and in! Oleraceus ( 44.97 % ) obtain a dried powdered sample that was used all... Well as groundnut cake flour in blends significantly influenced all the analyses staple crops are not able meet. Evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of nutrients., Watsonia 4: 268 collected, air-dried, and medicinal purposes throughout the world animal welfare conventional... In amount above 30 g kg -1 in the three species concentrations appeared highest in United... Distinguished by inflorescence features like mostly or exclusively axillary glomerules or short spikes ( Fig al! Per calorie it contains phytochemical composition, Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Amaranthus cruentus and!, in the wet samples axillary glomerules or short spikes ( Fig glutamine, alanine, and to... Betel varieties proximate, Carbohydrate, fibre, Fat, Fatty Acids of the African walnut fruits the.

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